1. Instrument control with
Class-based interfaces to various scientific instruments.
These interfaces are designed to complement the low-level instrument
talking already provided by PySerial (for RS232) and PyVISA
(for GPIB). Each instrument object defined here wraps a
visa.instrument instance and uses
ask methods to accomplish common commands
and readings specific to that instrument.
1.1. Example usage¶
Here’s an example. We want to talk to an Agilent model 8648 RF signal generator using GPIB. We have PyVISA installed, and that makes GPIB talking a snap:
>>> from visa import instrument >>> agilent = instrument("GPIB::18") >>> agilent.ask("FREQ:CW?") '200000000'
Three lines of code isn’t bad, but it’s cumbersome to write raw commands to the instrument all the time. Plus, the returned value is a string, not a number, and we’ll have to convert it.
Fortunately, wanglib defines a class that handles all these commands for us.
>>> from wanglib.instruments.signal_generators import ag8648 >>> rf = ag8648(agilent) >>> rf.freq 200.
What happened here? Well, the ag8648 class we imported from wanglib has ‘wrapped’ the agilent object we made before, and returned an object representing our signal generator. This object has a variable attached to it (an ‘attribute’) representing the frequency. Whenever we access this attribute, the object performs the GPIB query behind the scenes and converts the instrument response to a number in MHz.
We can also change the attribute:
>>> rf.freq = 110 >>> rf.freq 110.
Again, all queries and commands are being handled behind the scenes. This makes your scripts much more readable, and is a especially useful for interactive use. If all of your instruments are supported by wanglib, you can feasibly run your whole experiment from a live python interpreter.
For a list of all you can do with this rf object, do
And, as always in Python, use the help() function for information on any object, attribute, or method.
>>> help(rf) >>> help(rf.freq) >>> help(rf.blink)
If the ag8648 class doesn’t have an attribute or method for a given instrument function, you can still send raw GPIB queries by accessing the original PyVISA object as a sub-object of the ag8648 instance.
>>> rf.bus.ask("FREQ:CW?") '110000000'
In this example, we wrapped a PyVISA instrument, but that’s not required. The low-level instrument we started with can be anything that has similar read(), write(), and ask() methods:
PyVISA: visa.instrument linux-gpib: wanglib.linux_gpib.Gpib prologix: wanglib.prologix.instrument
It’s also easy to add functionality to the class. The help() function tells you where to find the source file for any object on your computer.
1.2. Supported instruments¶
- 1.2.1. Lock-in amplifiers:
- 1.2.2. Jobin-Yvon spectrometers:
- 1.2.3. Motion control:
- 1.2.4. RF signal generators:
- 1.2.5. Newport Diode Lasers:
- 1.2.6. Burleigh Wavemeter:
- 1.2.7. Tektronix Oscilloscopes: